M17 TUS Science Museum

♣  Museum of Science, Tokyo Univ Science  (Tokyo)  

東京理科大学 科学資料館

If you want to know about the computing machines and calculators, this is the best place to visit. You can trace the history of calculators from early time till recent days.

http://www.sut.ac.jp/info/setubi/museum/index.html

MM-TUS Museum_01

In this Museum, you can learn the development histories of calculators and of audio recording devices, as well as history of TUS university. This museum has received the designation “History of Computing Satellite Museum” by the Information Processing Society of Japan.


Accsess:
1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601
4 minutes from JR Iidabashi Sta. (Sobu Line)
Tel: +81-3-5228-8224


Early Time of Calculators

Historical development of calculators is shown in the exhibits

Old Type Calculators
“Soroban” was not widely used until the 17th century, but Japanese merchants began to use them as a calculator for their businesses in Edo period of 18c. From that time, Japanese people use it until now.

M17=TUS xx01

“Sangi”and “Sanban” Wooden Calculator in 18c


SorobanAbacus (Early Edo period 18c)

M17=TUS xx02


Mechanical Calculators

Mechanical calculators continued to be sold in 1960s, though in rapidly decreasing numbers, into the early 1970s, with many of the manufacturers closing down or being taken over. The spread of the computer rather than the simple electronic calculator put an end to the Comptometer. Also, by the end of the 1970s, the slide rule had become obsoleteSource: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mechanical_calculator.

These calculators are exhibited in the museum with full scale collections.

M17=TUS xx03

Tiger Calculator (1923)

Replica of a Brunsviga Calculator made by Torajiro Omoto in 1923. This is the third calculator to appear in Japan, after Ryoichi Yazu’s Jidd-Soroban (Automatic-Soroban) and Maruzen’s Aidiaru Keisanki (Ideal Calculator).


M17=TUS xx04(1) Electronic Calculators Marchant Electronic Calculator in the US in 1950s.

(2) Tiger Calculator (1960s)

M17=TUS xx05


Electronic Calculators developed Japanese Makers

Many electric makers entry into the electric calculator market. The abundant evidence are shown in the museum with many example collections.

M17=TUS xx06



Displays of Electric Calculators

The various electric calculators are exhibited at the shelves of museum with explanation. The visitors must be impressed how much variety of calculators are produced by Japanese makers in history.




M17=TUS xx07

Casio Model 14-A

The Casio Computer Company, in Japan, released the Model 14-A calculator in 1957, which was the world’s first all-electric (relatively) “compact” calculator. It did not use electronic logic but was based on relay technology, and was built into a desk.




M17=TUS xx08(1)M17=TUS xx09(2)M17=TUS xx10(3)

(1) Canon Canola 130 (Manufactured by Canon which sold for ¥395,000 in 1964)

(2) Casio 101-E (Casio published Model 101E Calculator with \198,000 in 1967)

(3) Sharp Compet CS-241 (Sharp developed CS-241 in 1960 with MOSMSI/IC, priced \175,000. Sharp also introduced the CS-10A in 1964 with all-transistor)


Handy Type Pocket Electronic Calculator

LSI and LCD changed the world of Calculator and it combined with computer technology.

M17=TUS xx11


Displays of Japanese several calculators Models

Japanese makers, like Casio and Sharp, triggered the revolution change of calculator market and technology in 1980s.



M17=TUS xx12

Casio “Mini
The Casio “Mini” was Casio’s first attempt at a handheld calculator.  Casio caught the world by surprise in 1972 with the introduction of this low-price machine.

M17=TUS xx13

Sharp EL-805 (1973)
The word’s first COS electric calculator incorporating an LCD, side by side with the unit’s internal glass panel



M17=TUS xx14(1) M17=TUS xx15(2) M17=TUS xx16(3) M17=TUS xx17(4)

(1) Casio Fx48      (2) Casio Fx48      (3) Casio Fx48      (4) Sharp EL-865


The First and Second Generation Computer and PC

The collections of museum indicates how Calculator transformed into the Computer in their technology advancement. A number of historical computers which has appeared in the computer world are displayed in the TUS Museums abundantly.


M17=TUS xx18

Analog’s Differential Analysis Machine

The Large mechanical computer for solving differential equations devised in 1931. The machine was devised V. Bush (MIT) 1935. TUS reproduced this machine based on the Osaka Univ. Model in order to trace the computer’s historical development.





M17=TUS xx20


UNIVAC120

“UNIVAC120” is the prototype commercial electronic computer in 1950s made by Remington Rand (US) with logic circuit using world’s first vacuum tube. It is named as a first generation computer.




M17=TUS xx19

Fujitsu FACOM 201 (1960s)
(Parametron Ele. Culculator

FACOM 201, the commercial version of the medium-sized machine. This was used by TUS for  education in 1960s.




M17=TUS xx21

NEC PC 8001

The NEC PC computer Released in 1979 that brought Japan into the modern PC era. 8-bit.




M17=TUS xx22(1)          M17=TUS xx23(2)

(1) iMac (Legendary PC with unique produced by Apple Computer in 1998)
(2) Toshiba Dynabook J-3100 (J-3100 is a laptop PC, which was remodeled T-3100 (world’s first 16-bit laptop PC), with a built-in hard disk, marketed by Toshiba in 1986. Price was \1.3 million Yen.)


Exhibition of Historical Audio Corner

The development history of photography can be backed to more than 100 years. The phonograph record disk system which invented by Berliner after the Edison, lasted longer till magnetic recording technology developed in the 1950s, and it changed again to the era of digital recording today. You can learn the course of its global history in this display corner.

M17=TUS xx24

Edison’s Phonograph (1901)
Cylinder phonograph capable of playing recordings of up to four minutes in length.

M17=TUS xx25

Anberora 30-inch (1915)
New type of cylinder phonograph in 1910s




M17=TUS xx26(1)M17=TUS xx27(2)

M17=TUS xx28(3)M17=TUS xx29(4)

Some exhibition of the Historic Phonographic collection of TUS Museum (1)-(4)


Back to the former position

コメントを残す

以下に詳細を記入するか、アイコンをクリックしてログインしてください。

WordPress.com ロゴ

WordPress.com アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト /  変更 )

Google フォト

Google アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト /  変更 )

Twitter 画像

Twitter アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト /  変更 )

Facebook の写真

Facebook アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト /  変更 )

%s と連携中